Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common disease in infants that may lead to renal damage with an increased risk of long term complications. The diagnostic imaging aims to identify risk factors as underlying urinary tract abnormalities and renal involvement of the infection for prevention of long term adverse outcome. There is a need for alternative methods to the ones presently used for investigation and follow-up of this patient group without the use of invasive procedures, contrast agents or ionizing radiation.


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